Writing Rubric : Text Types and Purposes 写作标准 : 文本类型及目的
E.W.3.A.1 文章能够写出谁在什么地方做了什么事,并符合作文要求。
Narrative contains some details of an event, who is doing what and where, in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
E.W.3.A.2 文章中出现人物,简单地涉及人物动作,并符合作文要求。
Narrative contains characters and simple description of their actions in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
E.W.3.A.3 文章中出现事件发生的地方或者时间,并符合作文要求。
Narrative involves place or time in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
E.W.3.B.2 能够写出事件发生的地方。
Narrative shows a place where the main event occurs.
E.W.3.C.1 能够使用合适的字词连接句子,如:“和”或“也”等,表现出句子之间的关联。
Use appropriate transitional words to manage the sequence of sentences. Transitional words suggested for this level are shown in Chinese.
E.W.3.D.1 能够准确地使用动词,写出人物的行为动作。
Proper use of verbs to describe character's actions.
E.W.3.E.1 能够写出这件事最后发生了什么。
Narrative shows what happened at the end.
Writing Rubric : Production and Distribution 写作标准 : 构思及表述
E.W.4.3.1 能够根据所记叙的事件写题目。
Provide a title suitable for the events or experience described in the narrative.
E.W.4.3.2 文章中句子简短但完整,能够传达出作者想表达的意思
Sentences are simple and short but complete and can express author's meaning.
E.W.4.3.3 整篇文章至少4个句子。
Narrative made up of at least 4 sentences.
E.W.4.3.6 词语以高频常用词为主,不需要用到书面语
Use mainly high frequency vocabulary familiar to students.
E.W.4.3.10 能够准确使用标点符号(。?) 。
Use accurate punctuation. Punctuation marks expected at this level are listed in Chinese.
E.W.4.3.12 整篇文章至少能够使用一半汉字,不会的汉字写拼音。
Must contain at least 50% Chinese characters; pinyin is allowed in place of some Chinese characters.
E.W.4.3.13 拼音可以有拼写错误,但是不影响理解词语和句子的意思。
Mis-use of pinyin tolerated if readability is not affected.
E.W.4.3.14 错字不影响理解词语和句子的意思。
Mis-use of characters/phrases tolerated if readability is not affected.
E.W.4.3.15 语法错误不影响理解句子的意思
Mis-use of grammar tolerated if readability is not affected.
Mentor Texts (Simplified & Traditional ) 范文 (简体 & 繁体)

Simplified 简体
救猫
Save the Cat

Traditional 繁體
救貓
Save the Cat

Simplified 简体
好朋友
A Good Friend

Traditional 繁體
好朋友
A Good Friend

Simplified 简体
我的朋友
My Friend

Traditional 繁體
我的朋友
My Friend

Simplified 简体
爬长城
Climb the Great Wall

Traditional 繁體
爬長城
Climb the Great Wall

Writing Prompts (Simplified & Traditional) 作文题目(简体 & 繁体)
Printables for Rubric/Standards (Simplified & Traditional) 写作标准打印版(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Student Checklist (Simplified & Traditional) 学生写作清单(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Writing Rubric : Text Types and Purposes 写作标准 : 文本类型及目的
G.W.3.A.1 文章能够简单地写出事件的开始、经过和结尾,并符合作文要求。
Narrative contains a sequence of events with a beginning, middle and an end in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
G.W.3.A.2 文章中出现人物,可能简单地涉及人物的情感,并符合作文要求。
Narrative contains characters with simple description of their emotions in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
G.W.3.A.3 文章中出现事件发生的地方和时间,并符合作文要求。
Narrative involves place and time in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
G.W.3.B.1 能够使用简单的叙述技巧表现人物,比如:用形容词写出人物的情感,写出人物说的话等。
Use simple narrative techniques to describe characters such as use of adjectives or dialog to describe character's feelings.
G.W.3.B.2 能够用叙述的表达方式写出事件发生的地方和时间。
Narrative describes where and when the main event occurs.
G.W.3.B.3 文章有趣味性,而不是单调地叙事,比如能够为读者制造悬念、诙谐或个性化的语言、设置生动的情境等。
Writing shows creativity beyond narrating events, e.g. creating suspense, humor or vivid description.
G.W.3.C.1 能够使用合适的字词连接句子,表达出句子之间的关联,比如:因果关系、并列关系或者转折关系等。
Use appropriate transitional words to manage the sequence of sentences. Type of transitional words suggested for this level are shown in Chinese.
G.W.3.D.1 文章用词准确得当,比如:能够用恰当的词语表达人物情感和描写人物的行为动作等。
Use approriate words and phrases to describe character's actions, express character's feelings etc.
G.W.3.E.1 能够简单地结束文章。
Narrative consists of a simple ending.
Writing Rubric : Production and Distribution 写作标准 : 构思及表述
G.W.4.3.1 能够根据所记叙的事件写题目。
Provide a title suitable for the events or experience described in the narrative.
G.W.4.3.2 文章中开始出现包含修饰成分的长句子或者包含关联词的复句,能够帮助作者清楚地传达出想表达的意思。
Narrative consists of some longer sentences or sentences consist of conjunction and can express author's meaning.
G.W.4.3.3 整篇文章至少7个句子。
Narrative made up of at least 7 sentences.
G.W.4.3.6 词语以高频常用词为主,整篇文章包含至少1个书面语(比如:放弃、难过等)。
Use mainly high frequency vocabulary familiar to students but also introduce 1 or more formal vocabulary. Examples shown in Chinese.
G.W.4.3.7 能够正确使用至少2个非重复性动词。
Use 2 or more non-repeating accurate verbs.
G.W.4.3.10 能够准确使用标点符号(,。?!)。
Use accurate punctuation. Punctuation marks expected at this level are listed in Chinese.
G.W.4.3.12 整篇文章至少能够使用75%的汉字,不会的汉字写拼音。
Must contain at least 75% Chinese characters; pinyin is allowed in place of some Chinese characters.
G.W.4.3.13 拼音可以有拼写错误,但是不影响理解词语和句子的意思
Mis-use of pinyin tolerated if readability is not affected.
G.W.4.3.14 错字不影响理解词语和句子的意思。
Mis-use of characters/phrases tolerated if readability is not affected.
G.W.4.3.15 语法错误不影响理解句子的意思。
Mis-use of grammar tolerated if readability is not affected.
Mentor Texts (Simplified & Traditional ) 范文 (简体 & 繁体)

Simplified 简体
上学路上
On the Way to School

Traditional 繁體
上學路上
On the Way to School

Simplified 简体
新朋友
My New Friend

Traditional 繁體
新朋友
My New Friend

Simplified 简体
我和我的朋友
My Friends

Traditional 繁體
我和我的朋友
My Friends

Simplified 简体
爬长城
Climb the Great Wall

Traditional 繁體
爬長城
Climb the Great Wall

Writing Prompts (Simplified & Traditional) 作文题目 (简体 & 繁体)
Printables for Rubric/Standards (Simplified & Traditional) 写作标准打印版(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Student Checklist (Simplified & Traditional) 学生写作清单(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Writing Rubric : Text Types and Purposes 写作标准 : 文本类型及目的
I.W.3.A.1 文章能够写出事件的开始、经过和结尾,事件完整,并符合作文要求。
Narrative contains a complete and well-elaborated set of events with a beginning, middle and an end in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
I.W.3.A.2 文章中有简单的人物描写,如:人物外貌、情感等,并符合作文要求。
Narrative contains simple portrayal of characters such as appearance, feelings in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
I.W.3.A.3 文章能够设定事件发生的背景,如:人物的生活和心理状态等,并符合作文要求。
Narrative consists of a proper setting such as the character's life experience and thoughts which fulfills the writing prompt.
I.W.3.B.1 能够使用简单的叙述技巧表现人物,比如:简单地描写人物或事物的样子等。
Use simple narrative techniques to describe characters such as description of character's appearance.
I.W.3.B.2 能够用叙述的表达方式简单地设定事件发生的背景,比如人物出场时的生活或者心理状态。
Use narrative techniques to simply express the setting of the main event such as the background of the character's life or emotional state.
I.W.3.B.3 文章有趣味性,而不是单调地叙事,比如能够为读者制造悬念、诙谐或个性化的语言、设置生动的情境等。
Writing shows creativity beyond narrating events, e.g. creating suspense, humor or vivid description.
I.W.3.C.1 能够准确使用关联词,表达出文章中句子之间及段落之间的关联,如:承接关系,因果关系、转折关系、选择关系、并列关系、递进关系、假设关系等。
Use accurate transitional words to manage the sequence of sentences and paragraphs. Type of transitional words suggested for this level are shown in Chinese.
I.W.3.D.1 文章用词准确得当,比如:能够用恰当的词语描写人物的外貌、动作、及周围的景物等。
Use approriate words and phrases to describe character's appearance, actions, surroundings etc.
I.W.3.E.1 能够简单地结束文章,让读者感到事件完整。
Narrative consists of a simple ending which shows completion of event/story.
Writing Rubric : Production and Distribution 写作标准 : 构思及表述
I.W.4.3.1 能够根据所记叙的事件写题目。
Provide a title suitable for the events or experience described in the narrative.
I.W.4.3.2 文章能够自如地使用长句子及复句,表达自然连贯。
Narrative consists of coherent longer and complex sentence.
I.W.4.3.3 能够根据事件的开始、经过和结尾把文章分成至少3段;全文至少10个句子。
Narrative is organized into at least 3 paragraphs in order to present the beginning, middle and end of the story; the whole text contains at least 10 sentences.
I.W.4.3.6 词语以高频常用词为主,包含至少3个书面语 (比如:放弃、鼓励等)。
Use mainly high frequency vocabulary familiar to students but also include 3 or more formal vocabulary. Examples shown in Chinese.
I.W.4.3.7 能够正确使用至少5个非重复性动词和至少3个非重复性形容词。
Use 5 or more non-repeating accurate verbs and 3 non-repeating adjectives.
I.W.4.3.10 能够准确使用标点符号(,。?!:“ ”)。
Use accurate punctuation. Punctuation marks expected at this level are listed in Chinese.
I.W.4.3.11 包含1个运用修辞方法的句子,如:比喻。
Use one rhetorical method such as metaphor.
I.W.4.3.12 整篇文章至少能够使用90%的汉字,不会的汉字写拼音。
Must contain at least 90% Chinese characters; pinyin is allowed in place of some Chinese characters.
I.W.4.3.13 拼音可以有拼写错误,但是不影响理解词语和句子的意思。
Mis-use of pinyin tolerated if readability is not affected.
I.W.4.3.14 错字不影响理解词语和句子的意思。
Mis-use of characters/phrases tolerated if readability is not affected.
I.W.4.3.15 语法错误不影响理解句子的意思。
Mis-use of grammar tolerated if readability is not affected.
Mentor Texts (Simplified & Traditional ) 范文 (简体 & 繁体)

Simplified 简体
上学路上
On the Way to School

Traditional 繁體
上學路上
On the Way to School

Simplified 简体
猜云
Watching Clouds

Traditional 繁體
猜雲
Watching Clouds

Simplified 简体
我和我的朋友
My Friends

Traditional 繁體
我和我的朋友
My Friends

Simplified 简体
一次旅行
My Trip

Traditional 繁體
一次旅行
My Trip

Writing Prompts (Simplified & Traditional) 作文题目 (简体 & 繁体)
Printables for Rubric/Standards (Simplified & Traditional) 写作标准打印版(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Student Checklist (Simplified & Traditional) 学生写作清单(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Writing Rubric : Text Types and Purposes 写作标准 : 文本类型及目的
K.W.3.A.1 文章能够写出事件的开始、经过和结尾,并为事件的发生做铺垫,让事件完整丰富,并符合作文要求。
Narrative contains a complete and well-elaborated set of events with a beginning, middle and an end; organize the events to enrich the story and fulfills the writing prompt.
K.W.3.A.2 文章能够展现人物形象,如:通过人物的思想和情感等细节描写,并符合作文要求。
Narrative expresses vivid characters through description of characters feelings and thoughts etc. and fulfill the writing prompt.
K.W.3.A.3 文章中能够设定事件发生的特定条件,如:时间、环境、人物的生活和心理状态等,并符合作文要求。
Narrative consists of specific details for the occurrence of the event such as time, environment, character's life eperience and thought in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
K.W.3.A.4 文章能够写出一个转折点,如:通过人物的情感、思想或者行为习惯的改变,并符合作文要求。
Narrative consists of a turning point such as a change in character's emotions, thoughts or behavior in a way that fulfill the writing prompt.
K.W.3.B.1 能够使用叙述技巧和修辞手法表现人物,比如:使用比喻等修辞手法写出人物的外貌、对话、动作和心理等,表现人物思想和情感。
Use narrative or rhetorical techniques such as metaphors to describe character's appearance, dialog, actions and thoughts.
K.W.3.B.2 文章中使用叙述、描写等表达方式展开情节,设定转折点,比如:设定事件发生的背景,展示时间、地点或人物情感的变化等。
Use descriptive and narrative techniques to express plot development and to set up turning point, e.g. the setting of event, development over time, place and character's emotions.
K.W.3.B.3 文章有趣味性,而不是单调地叙事,比如能够为读者制造悬念、诙谐或个性化的语言、设置生动的情境等。
Writing shows creativity beyond narrating events, e.g. creating suspense, humor or vivid description.
K.W.3.C.1 能够准确使用关联词,表达出文章中句子之间及段落之间的关联,从而让文章读起来流畅自然,并更恰当地表现出情节之间的联系。
Use accurate transitional words to manage the sequence in sentences and paragraphs and to create a natural development of the plot.
K.W.3.D.1 文章用词准确得当,比如:用恰当的词语表现人物,写出周围环境等。
Use approriate words and phrases to describe characters and surroundings etc.
K.W.3.E.1 结尾能够通过总结事件、表达感想等结束文章,甚至给读者留下回想。
The conclusion provides a sense of closure and invokes further thought from the reader.
Writing Rubric : Production and Distribution 写作标准 : 构思及表述
K.W.4.3.1 能够根据所记叙的事件写题目。
Provide a title suitable for the events or experience described in the narrative.
K.W.4.3.2 文章以长句子和复句为主,表达流畅得体。
Narrative consists of appropriate use of mainly longer complex sentences that flow together.
K.W.4.3.3 能够根据文章结构把文章分成至少3段;全文至少15个句子。
Narrative is organized into at least 3 paragraphs, with a total of at least 15 sentences.
K.W.4.3.6 词语以高频常用词为主,包含部分书面语(比如:著名、闷热、信心、目标等)
Use mainly high frequency vocabulary familiar to students but also include some formal vocabulary. Examples shown in Chinese.
K.W.4.3.7 能够正确使用形容词和动词(动词和形容词加起来,全文一共允许有最多5个动词或形容词使用错误)。
Narrative contains at most 5 misuse of verbs or adjectives.
K.W.4.3.10 能够准确使用标点符号(,。?!:“ ” ...... 、;) 。
Use accurate punctuation. Punctuation marks expected at this level are listed in Chinese.
K.W.4.3.11 包含1个运用修辞方法的句子,如:比喻、拟人。
Use one rhetorical method such as metaphor or personification.
K.W.4.3.12 整篇文章允许使用1-5个拼音。
Allow upto 5 characters/phrases in pinyin.
K.W.4.3.13 拼音可以有拼写错误,但是不影响理解词语和句子的意思。
Mis-use of pinyin tolerated if readability is not affected.
K.W.4.3.14 错字不影响理解词语和句子的意思(只能有1-5个错字)。
Mis-use of characters/phrases tolerated if readability is not affected and no more than 5 mistakes.
K.W.4.3.15 语法错误不影响理解句子的意思(只能有1-5个语法错误)
Mis-use of grammar tolerated if readability is not affected and no more than 5 mistakes.
Mentor Texts (Simplified & Traditional ) 范文 (简体 & 繁体)

Simplified 简体
灰猫
The Grey Cat

Traditional 繁體
灰貓
The Grey Cat

Simplified 简体
画云
Drawing Clouds

Traditional 繁體
畫雲
Drawing Clouds

Simplified 简体
我和我的朋友
My Friends

Traditional 繁體
我和我的朋友
My Friends

Simplified 简体
一次旅行
My Trip

Traditional 繁體
一次旅行
My Trip

Writing Prompts (Simplified & Traditional) 作文题目 (简体 & 繁体)
Printables for Rubric/Standards (Simplified & Traditional) 写作标准打印版(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Student Checklist (Simplified & Traditional) 学生写作清单(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Writing Rubric : Text Types and Purposes 写作标准 : 文本类型及目的
M.W.3.A.1 文章不但写出一个完整的事件,还能选取其中一两个片刻详细展开,并符合作文要求。
Narrative contains not only a complete set of well sequenced events with further developed details of one to two moments in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
M.W.3.A.2 文章能够突出人物的感受和经历来展现人物形象,如:通过人物的思想和情感等细节描写,并符合作文要求。
Narrative uses character's emotions and experience to portray the character and fulfill the writing prompt.
M.W.3.A.3 文章中设定了事件发生的特定条件,如:时间、环境、人物的生活和心理状态等,并符合作文要求。
Narrative consists of specific details for the occurrence of the event such as time, environment, character's life eperience and thought in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
M.W.3.A.4 文章能够写出一个转折点,如:通过人物的情感、思想或者行为习惯的改变,并符合作文要求。
Narrative consists of a turning point such as a change in character's emotions, thoughts or behavior in a way that fulfill the writing prompt.
M.W.3.A.5 文章能够明确写出中心点,并符合作文要求。
Narrative presents a clear central point in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
M.W.3.B.1 能够使用叙述技巧和修辞手法表现人物,比如:使用比喻、排比等修辞手法描写人物,并通过语言、动作、心理描写等表现出人物情感的发展和变化。
Use narrative or rhetorical techniques such as metaphors, parallelism to describe characters and use dialog, actions and thoughts to describe changes and development in the characters.
M.W.3.B.2 文章中使用叙述、描写等表达方式展开情节,比如: 采用倒叙或者插叙的方法,通过描写周围景物特征,来为情节做出铺垫等。
Use descriptive and narrative techniques to express plot development and to set up turning point, e.g. the use of flashbacks, description of characteristics in the setting.
M.W.3.B.3 控制情节发展的节奏,文章有趣味性,叙述有详有略,而不是单调地叙事,比如能够为读者制造悬念、诙谐或个性化的语言、设置生动的情境等。
Writing shows creativity beyond narrating events, e.g. creating suspense, humor, vivid description, show control of rhythm of plot development.
M.W.3.C.1 能够准确使用关联词,表达出文章中句子之间及段落之间的关联,从而让文章读起来流畅自然,并更恰当地表现出情节之间的联系。
Use accurate transitional words to manage the sequence in sentences and paragraphs and to create a natural development of the plot.
M.W.3.D.1 文章用词准确得当,比如:能够用恰当的词语表现人物的心理和想法等。
Use approriate words and phrases to describe character's thoughts etc.
M.W.3.E.1 能够用人物的行动、对话、情感描写等结束文章,达到呼应前文、点明主题的效果。
Conclude the narrative through the description of character's action, dialog or emotion etc. Conclusion connects to the whole text and the main point.
Writing Rubric : Production and Distribution 写作标准 : 构思及表述
M.W.4.3.1 能够根据主题和所记叙的事件,并用书面语写题目。
Use formal language to form a title suitable for the events or experience described in the narrative.
M.W.4.3.2 文章以复句为主,表达流畅得体。
Narrative consists of appropriate use of mainly complex sentences that flow together.
M.W.4.3.3 能够根据文章结构把文章分成至少3段;全文至少18个句子。
Narrative consists of at least 3 paragraphs, with a total of at least 18 sentences.
M.W.4.3.6 文章包含一半高频词语和一半书面语 。
Narrative consists of half high frequency vocabulary familiar to students and half formal vocabulary.
M.W.4.3.7 能够正确使用形容词和动词(动词和形容词加起来,全文一共允许有最多5个动词或形容词使用错误)。
Narrative contains at most 5 misuse of verbs or adjectives.
M.W.4.3.10 包含多种标点符号,并能准确使用(,。?!:“ ” ...... 、;《》)。
Use variety of punctuation. Punctuation marks expected at this level are listed in Chinese.
M.W.4.3.11 包含1个运用修辞方法的句子,如:比喻、拟人、反问、夸张等。
Use one rhetorical method such as metaphor, personification or rhetorical question.
M.W.4.3.12 整篇文章允许使用1-3个拼音。
Allow upto 3 characters/phrases in pinyin.
M.W.4.3.13 拼音可以有拼写错误,但是不影响理解词语和句子的意思。
Mis-use of pinyin tolerated if readability is not affected.
M.W.4.3.14 错字不影响理解词语和句子的意思(只能有1-5个错字)。
Mis-use of characters/phrases tolerated if readability is not affected and no more than 5 mistakes
M.W.4.3.15 语法错误不影响理解句子的意思(只能有1-5个语法错误)。
Mis-use of grammar tolerated if readability is not affected and no more than 5 mistakes
Mentor Texts (Simplified & Traditional ) 范文 (简体 & 繁体)

Simplified 简体
小春的烦恼
Xiao Chun's Trouble

Traditional 繁體
小春的煩惱
Xiao Chun's Trouble

Simplified 简体
水晶笔
Crystal Pen

Traditional 繁體
水晶筆
Crystal Pen

Simplified 简体
正确的选择
Making Good Choices

Traditional 繁體
正確的選擇
Making Good Choices

Simplified 简体
一次旅行
My Trip

Traditional 繁體
一次旅行
My Trip

Writing Prompts (Simplified & Traditional) 作文题目 (简体 & 繁体)
Printables for Rubric/Standards (Simplified & Traditional) 写作标准打印版(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Writing Rubric : Text Types and Purposes 写作标准 : 文本类型及目的
O.W.3.A.1 文章写出包含事件片刻的完整事件,并符合作文要求。
Narrative contains a complete set of well sequenced events and well developed details of different moments and answers the writing prompt.
O.W.3.A.2 文章中人物的感受和经历符合矛盾冲突的发展过程,并符合作文要求。
Narrative describes characters emotions and experience which unfolds naturally with the conflict presented in the sequence of events and fulfills the writing prompt.
O.W.3.A.3 文章中设定了事件发生的时代背景或周围环境等,并为下文情节的发展做出铺垫,并符合作文要求。
Narrative consists of proper background for the era and paves the way for the development of the plot in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
O.W.3.A.4 文章能够设置出矛盾冲突,制造出情节上的紧张感, 如:通过人物之间想法的不同、情感的不一致或者与时代或周围环境的不和谐等,并符合作文要求。
Narrative consists of a conflict that causes tension.
O.W.3.A.5 文章能够突出中心思想,让读者体会到作者的用意,并符合作文要求。
Narrative projects a central point that reflects author's intention in a way that fulfills the writing prompt.
O.W.3.B.1 能够使用多种写作技巧来刻画人物性格,塑造人物形象,比如:肖像、神态、语言、行动和细节描写,人物对某种状况的反应,以及人物的心理变化过程等。
Portray character's personality and development of thought throughout the story by describing character's demeanor, use of language, behavior, reaction to certain situation etc.
O.W.3.B.2 文章中使用叙述、描写等表达方式展开情节,比如: 采用倒叙或者插叙的方法,通过描写周围景物特征,来为情节做出铺垫。
Use descriptive and narrative techniques to express plot development and to set up turning point, e.g. the use of flashbacks, description of characteristics in the setting.
O.W.3.B.3 控制情节发展的节奏,文章有趣味性,叙述有详有略,而不是单调地叙事,比如能够为读者制造悬念、诙谐或个性化的语言、设置生动的情境等。
Writing shows creativity beyond narrating events, e.g. creating suspense, humor, vivid description, show control of rhythm of plot development.
O.W.3.C.1 能够准确使用关联词或者连接词,表达出文章中句子之间及段落之间的关联,从而达到有逻辑、有条理地安排情节的效果。
Use accurate transitional words to manage the sequence in sentences and paragraphs and to create a natural and logical development of the plot.
O.W.3.D.1 文章用词准确得当,比如:能够用恰当的词语清楚地描写出细节,抓住人物的特点或事件的关键。
Use approriate words and phrases to describe details of character's chracteristics and key point of events etc.
O.W.3.E.1 能够用描写、议论等方式结束文章,并传达出作者的写作目的。
Use different narrative techniques such as description or discussion in the conclusion to reach author's main point.
Writing Rubric : Production and Distribution 写作标准 : 构思及表述
O.W.4.3.1 能够根据主题和所记叙的事件,并用书面语写题目。
Use formal language to form a title suitable for the events or experience described in the narrative.
O.W.4.3.2 句子以复句为主,句子的长度和复杂度有所增加,总体表达流畅得体。
Narrative consists of mainly complex sentences with increased length and complexity. The whole text flow well together.
O.W.4.3.3 能够根据文章结构把文章分成至少4段;全文至少20个句子。
Narrative consists of at least 4 paragraphs, with a total of at least 20 sentences.
O.W.4.3.6 文章包含少部分高频词语,大部分词语是书面语。
Use mainly formal vocabulary.
O.W.4.3.7 能够正确使用形容词和动词(动词和形容词加起来,全文一共允许有最多5个动词或形容词使用错误)。
Narrative contains at most 5 misuse of verbs or adjectives.
O.W.4.3.10 包含多种标点符号,并能准确使用(,。?!:“ ” ...... 、;《》)。
Use variety of punctuation. Punctuation marks expected at this level are listed in Chinese.
O.W.4.3.11 包含至少2个运用修辞方法的句子,如:比喻、拟人、对比、引用、反问、夸张等。
Use 2 or more rhetorical methods such as metaphor, personification, compare/contrast or quotation.
O.W.4.3.12 整篇文章都使用汉字。
Whole text must contain only characters.
O.W.4.3.14 错字不影响理解词语和句子的意思(只能有1-3个错字)。
Mis-use of characters/phrases tolerated if readability is not affected and no more than 3 mistakes.
O.W.4.3.15 语法错误不影响理解句子的意思(只能有1-3个语法错误)。
Mis-use of grammar tolerated if readability is not affected and no more than 3 mistakes.
Mentor Texts (Simplified & Traditional ) 范文 (简体 & 繁体)

Simplified 简体
流浪猫
The Wild Cat

Traditional 繁體
流浪貓
The Wild Cat

Simplified 简体
机器人竞赛
Robotics Competition

Traditional 繁體
機器人競賽
Robotics Competition

Simplified 简体
明丽变了
My Best Friend Has Changed

Traditional 繁體
明麗變了
My Best Friend Has Changed

Simplified 简体
挑战自我
Challenge Yourself

Traditional 繁體
挑戰自我
Challenge Yourself

Writing Prompts (Simplified & Traditional) 作文题目 (简体 & 繁体)
Printables for Rubric/Standards (Simplified & Traditional) 写作标准打印版(简体 & 繁体)

Simplified Chinese 简体
(MS-Word)(PDF)
Traditional Chinese 繁體
(MS-Word)(PDF)

Level G Step #1 第一步 : Identify Story Elements 找一找故事要素

Story Elements
找一找故事要素
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level G Step #2 第二步 : Story Events and Turning Point 故事事件和故事转折点

Story Events and Turning Points
故事事件和故事转折点
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level G Step #3 第三步 : Bringing Character(s) to Life 活灵活现的故事人物

Bringing Character(s) to Life
活灵活现的故事人物
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level K Step #1 第一步 : Identifying Story Characters, Setting and Plot 找一找故事人物、背景和情节

Identifying Story Characters, Setting and Plot
找一找故事人物、背景和情节
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level K Step #2 第二步 : Character Development 人物发展

Character Development
人物发展
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level K Step #3 第三步 : Bringing A Story to Life Using 1s Person Narration 以第一人称叙述、生动改写故事

Bringing A Story to Life Using 1st Person Narration
以第一人称叙述、生动改写故事
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level G Step #1 第一步 : Identify Story Elements 找一找故事要素

Story Elements
找一找故事要素
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level G Step #2 第二步 : Story Events and Turning Point 故事事件和故事轉折點

Story Events and Turning Points
故事事件和故事轉折點
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level G Step #3 第三步 : Bringing Character(s) to Life 活靈活現的故事人物

Bringing Character(s) to Life
活靈活現的故事人物
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level K Step #1 第一步 : Identifying Story Characters, Setting and Plot 找一找故事人物、背景和情節

Identifying Story Characters, Setting and Plot
找一找故事人物、背景和情節
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level K Step #2 第二步 : Character Development 人物發展

Character Development
人物發展
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)

Level K Step #3 第三步 : Bringing A Story to Life Using 1s Person Narration 以第一人稱敘述、生動改寫故事

Bringing A Story to Life Using 1st Person Narration
以第一人稱敘述、生動改寫故事
(PPT) (PDF)
(vimeo link) (YouTube link)